Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices Sets I and II


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Note: This test review was published by BPS on 1st December 2008

Description of the Test:

The APM is one of the Raven’s Progressive Matrices (RPM) family of tests which also includes the Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM) and the Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM, also reviewed in this edition) and SPM Plus. All of the tests in the RPM family are 'non-verbal’ tests of perception and reasoning in which the candidate has to solve problems involving the relationships between abstract shapes. Of the four tests in the RPM, the APM is designed to provide assessment at a higher level of difficulty in the types of problems presented to the candidate. There are three tests in the APM series. Set I (12 problems) is designed for use either as a short test to classify adults into the lowest 10 per cent, middle 80 per cent or top 10 per cent of ability, as an aid to decide whether administration of the longer Set II would be appropriate, or as preparation materials prior to the administration of Set II. Set II (36 problems) is designed to provide finer discriminations in eductive ability, particularly among higher-ability candidates. The rationale behind the tests follows the theory of intelligence put forward by Spearman in the 1920s. This theory proposes that general ability or g comprises two components: eductive ability (learning to draw meaning out of confusion, the ability to perceive and think clearly) and reproductive ability (memory for information). The RPM series is designed to tap eductive ability, which the theory posits is largely based on non-verbal constructs. Other verbal tests (the Mill Hill and Crichton Vocabulary Scales) have been developed to assess the verbal construct of reproductive ability. The RPM, and the APM in particular, are among the most widely used tests of ‘nonverbal’ reasoning and are often used in research as a benchmark for other tests of reasoning ability (e.g. see the review of the GMA in this edition).

Authors: J.C. Raven

Test Publisher: Pearson Assessment

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