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Note: This test review was published by BPS on 1st January 2013
Description of the Test
The Leadership Effectiveness Analysis (LEA) Assessment Suite is a set of tools for individual and organisational development, designed around a common model of leadership behaviour. The suite includes five questionnaires in total, with corresponding reports and supporting materials.
There are five versions of the questionnaire and these include a self report, and an observer questionnaire completed by an individual’s manager, peers and direct reports to provide a 360−degree view of the individual’s behaviour, both reviewed here. In addition there is a leadership visioning questionnaire (Strategic Directions Questionnaire), a role analysis version (Role Expectations Questionnaire), and a leadership culture survey (Leadership Culture Questionnaire).
The LEA was designed to be used with managers and technical professionals at all levels within an organisation as a development tool. A reading level below GCSE requirements is reportedly required. The LEA questionnaires measure 22 different leadership dimensions, grouped into six functional areas reflecting the underlying theoretical model. They are described as behavioural dispositions or "sets". The dimensions of the LEA model, grouped by functional area, are:
Creating a Vision: Traditional, Innovative, Technical, Self and Strategic.
Developing Followership: Persuasive, Outgoing, Excitement and Restraint.
Implementing a Vision: Structuring, Tactical, Communication and Delegation.
Following Through: Control and Feedback.
Achieving Results: Management Focus, Dominant and Production.
Team Playing: Cooperation, Consensual, Authority (Deference to) and Empathy.
There is also an ‘Exaggerate’ scale for the self−completion version of the questionnaire to measure socially desirable responding.
The LEA Self Questionnaire can be delivered and scored by computer but a paper version is available. It contains 84 question stems (triads), which each consist of three statements from different leadership sets. The response format combines both rating and ranking (forced choice) elements resulting in partially ipsative scores. The Self Questionnaire takes around 30 minutes to complete.
The LEA Observer Questionnaire is similar but omits the Exaggerate scale related items. It consists of 66 triads, with each leadership set measured nine times. In addition, there are 26 rating scale items with individual scale anchors which are included to support validation research. In total the Observer Questionnaire therefore contains 92 questions and also takes around 30 minutes to complete.
The LEA Self and Observer Questionnaires were developed in American English but have been adapted into 15 other languages. There are 24 regional or country−specific norm groups available, including large combined norms for the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. Scores are presented as percentiles based on the selected norm group.
Several computer generated reports are available: a Candidate Assessment Report incorporating interview questions based on the individual’s profile, a Leadership Self Report based on the individual’s self−perceptions of their leadership capabilities, a Leadership 360 Report which combines the results from the LEA Self and Observer Questionnaires and a supplementary Leadership Impact Report summarising observer group ratings of the individual’s leadership performance.
Authors: Management Research Group
Test Publisher: Management Research Group
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