FIRO Element B (European English Edition 2004)


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Note: This test review was published by BPS on 1st September 2006

Description of the Test

The FIRO Element B questionnaire represents an extension of Shutz's original measure of fundamental interpersonal relations orientation (FIRO-B) developed in 1958. FIRO B was developed by Shutz as an attempt to provide a holistic means of helping people to understand themselves, their needs and their relationships. Choice, self-esteem, truth and openness are presented as fundamental to FIRO B’s framework. FIRO theory is that self-concept drives feelings, feelings drive behaviour and behaviour drives results. As Shutz's theory evolved he developed a range of instruments under the ‘Human Element’ banner and the Element B questionnaire relates to behaviour as distinct from self esteem or feelings. The main developments in Element B are the change of the Affection scale to a new scale of Openness and that each scale has four scores instead of the original two. This 2004 version of FIRO Element B is a self-report questionnaire of some 108 items, 10 of which have been updated to make the questionnaire more accessible and meaningful to speakers of European English as opposed to American English. The questionnaire can be completed in paper-and-pencil format or on-line. The paper version consists of a combined questionnaire booklet and self-carbonating answer sheet. The online version requires the administrator to register with JCA who provide a user identification and password for the candidate. A computer generated narrative report is forwarded to the administrator when the respondent has completed the questionnaire. In both cases, the respondent is presented with 108 statements. The response format is a 6-point scale from "disagree" to "agree" enabling the candidate to indicate their degree of endorsement of the statement. The questionnaire has three domains to measure relationship dynamics: inclusion, control and openness. - Inclusion is concerned with achieving the desired amount of contact with people - Control is concerned with achieving the desired amount of control over people - Openness is concerned with achieving just the desired amount of openness For each domain, the respondent receives four scores: "what I do", "what I want to do", "what I get" and "what I want to get". These are added to give an overall score for each domain. In addition the differences between the pairs of scores generate further scores.

Authors: W. Shutz

Test Publisher: JCA (Occupational Psychologists) Ltd.

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