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Note: This test review was done by BPS on 1st January 2015
Description of the Test
he EPS is a 25 item self-report questionnaire designed to measure 5 facets/factors of Emotional Processing – a long-established concept in clinical psychology but formalised by a variety of different models. At its heart are unprocessed fears which, when activated, lead to a failure to `process the accompanying emotions in a healthy or helpful way. The concept is used in many therapeutic interventions which have influenced the development of the EPS model and the questionnaire has been used with a variety of conditions such as addictions, chronic pain, eating disorders, youth offenders and general psychological difficulties. The EPS also provides data on how healthy groups of different nationalities appear to process emotions. The test is intended for use primarily in a clinical context but also in work, research and general settings.
The original version of questionnaire suggested an 8-factor model. Further trialling led to a 5-factor model that could be adequately measured with 25 items. The scales measured by the current version of the EPS are:
1. Suppression – failing to acknowledge and express emotions; inability to talk about them; bottling them up
2. Unprocessed – the intrusion of unwanted emotions; negative emotions recur and can become overwhelming
3. Controllability – overreacting to events; finding it hard to control anger and inappropriate behaviour
4. Avoidance – failing to deal with negative emotions; denying or avoiding them; only focussing on more pleasant things
5. Experience – an emotional dullness; an inability to experience emotions or to understand and name them
The EPS is currently administered as a paper & pencil test with online assessment currently under development. It has been designed to allow supervised as well as remote (unsupervised administration with controlled access) use. Test completion takes approximately 5-10 minutes with manual scoring, producing a profile chart based on pre-printed norms. A large compendium of alternative norms is also available.
Many reliability and validity studies have been carried out in the course of development of the instrument over the last 10 years. The test was designed in the UK and has been translated into 13 languages.
Authors: R. Baker, P. Thomas, M. Santonastaso, & E. Corrigan
Test Publisher: Hogrefe Ltd.